The Brazilian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency said the move was expected to reduce costs and “promote even greater bilateral trade and facilitate investment”.
China has been Brazil’s largest trading partner for 14 consecutive years and in 2022 bilateral trade volume reached US$171.49 billion. Beijing also has some US$100 billion tied up in Brazilian renewable energy projects and infrastructure.
The conducting of this massive two-way trade in renminbi and reais is of not just business but geopolitical significance, coming as many countries begin to question their dependence on the US dollar in light of Washington’s weaponisation of sanctions and other financial tools.
Beijing has been pushing for the internationalisation of the renminbi as an alternative to the US dollar and has similar currency deals with Pakistan, Russia and other countries.